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What is Perspective?

The Basics:

In photography perspective refers to the relationship of objects in a photograph - including relative position, size and space between them. It can be manipulated to create illusions of space and distance, by changing your position, switching lenses, adjusting focal length etc..

With a wide-angle lens, for example, near objects look very large and far objects look very small, warping our view of the true-to-life relative scale of objects. 

Similarly, the same subject captured at difference focal lengths can show how perspective changes.